Are produced by in the processes of catalytic reforming of gasoline fractions and oil products pyrolysis. Is used as a raw material for organic synthesis, high-octane component of motor fuels or solvent.
Design specification: GOST 14710-78, rev. 1–6
Chemical name: Methylbenzene
Empirical formula: C6H5CH3
|High grade||First grade|
|Density at 20 °С, g/cm3||0.865–0.867||0.864–0.867|
|Toluene mass fraction, %, min||99.75||99.60|
|Copper strip corrosion test||pass|
|Impurities, %, max||0.25||0.40|
|Non-aromatic hydrocarbons, %, max||0.10||0.20|
|Benzene, %, max||0.10||0.15|
|Aromatic hydrocarbons C8, %, max||0.05||0.05|
|Distillation limits 98 % by volume (including pure toluene boiling point - 110,6 °С), °С, max||0.70||0.80|
|Sulfuric acid colouring, reference scale number, max||0.15||0.20|
|Aqueous extract reaction||neutral|
|Volatility||no residue after evaporation|
|Total sulfur mass fraction, %, max||0.00015||–|
Supply form: Colorless mobile volatile liquid with a pungent odor.
Packaging: Petroleum toluene is shipped in railway tank-cars and tank-trucks.
Transportation: Petroleum toluene is transported by railway tank-cars and tank trucks.
Storage: Stored in metal containers under conditions in accordance with the storage of flammable substances.