Ethanolamines - colorless viscous hygroscopic liquid with a specific amine odor, constantly mixed with water, readily soluble in ethanol, benzene, chloroform, and bad - in heptane. Have the properties of amines and alcohols.

Ethanolamines are used as absorbents "acid" gases (CO2, H2S, SO2, etc.) in the processes of purification of process gases at oil refineries, gas and chemical industries, as a raw material for emulsifiers, dispersing agents, stabilizing foams, detergents, shampoos, detergents, in organic synthesis to produce ethylenediamine, N-vinylpyrrolidone, in the manufacture of plasticizers, corrosion inhibitors.